Prostatitis: what is this disease and how is it treated?

Prostatitis is usually referred to as an inflammatory process that develops in the prostate in men. This disease has unpleasant symptoms and is fraught with the development of complications, one of which is infertility. So what is prostatitis and how dangerous is the disease for the health of the male urogenital system? With these questions, it is advisable to consult a urologist. This doctor will tell you exactly why prostatitis occurs, what kind of disease prostatitis is and how to properly treat it.

The lack of timely medical care leads to the transition of inflammation into a chronic form. If symptoms of prostate disease appear, treatment should be started immediately. Otherwise, the infection can lead to dangerous consequences, including tissue hyperplasia. Since it is extremely difficult to cure acute prostatitis on your own, contact a urologist immediately. With an unfavorable course, the disease causes inflammation of the testicles, appendages, kidney structures.

reasons for development

Damage to the prostate is not uncommon in modern men. Today it is diagnosed both as an independent disease and as one of the symptoms of urological diseases - urethritis, prostate adenoma, cancer, kidney diseases.

The causes of prostatitis are usually associated with the action of infectious agents and predisposing factors. Inflammation is caused by staph, E. coli, enterococci, and other common pathogens. It is extremely important to determine the causes of the disease in inflammation of the prostate so that effective drug therapy can be selected.

risk groups

An examination by a doctor will help identify the causes of prostatitis

At risk are people with weakened immune systems, sexually transmitted diseases, injuries to the genitourinary organs and the habit of stopping urination. Not all men know why prostatitis is dangerous, what it is and what factors can provoke the development of the disease. A frivolous attitude to one's own health often leads to a protracted course of the inflammatory process. The educational work of urologists helps to form a correct idea of \u200b\u200ba disease such as prostatitis and its possible consequences.

Predisposing Factors

Urologists pay special attention to the probable causes of prostatitis: treatment is much more effective if the main predisposing factors are affected. This will help significantly reduce the risk of periodic exacerbation of the inflammatory process.

Possible causes of prostate disease:

  • worsening of kidney disease;
  • injuries of the urogenital organs;
  • hypothermia;
  • increased exposure to radiation in the body;
  • spread of infection from other pelvic organs;
  • violations of the usual rhythm of sexual activity;
  • long stay in a sitting position;
  • compression of the genitals by tight underwear, trousers and jeans;
  • Development of urological diseases, infection with venereal diseases;
  • chronic stress;
  • general suppression of the immune system.

If you develop prostatitis, the causes of the disease should be determined by a qualified specialist. First of all, you need to contact a urologist. He conducts an investigation and orders a full investigation.

Blood stasis as the main cause of prostatitis

Effective treatment of prostatitis at home is impossible without eliminating the factors that cause stagnant processes in the pelvis. Violation of blood flow causes peroxidation of fats, the release of exudative fluid and the appearance of internal swelling of the glandular tissue. This creates favorable conditions for the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms. Having found out the probable causes of inflammation, you can understand how to cure prostatitis at home, without the disease turning into a dangerous chronic form.

diagnostic methods

To understand how prostatitis is treated in a particular man, it is necessary to make a diagnosis. Only then can you choose specific drugs and techniques. Based on the results of laboratory and instrumental studies, the urologist can determine how to treat prostatitis in a man and how to prevent recurrence in the future.

The main diagnostic methods for inflammation of the prostate:

  • determination of the level of PSA in the blood;
  • ultrasound of the prostate;
  • laboratory diagnostics of blood, urine;
  • ureteroscopy;
  • cystoscopy;
  • rectal examination of the gland;
  • urodynamic examinations (cystometry, profilometry, uroflowmetry).

Comprehensive diagnostics will help to quickly choose an effective treatment for prostatitis at home and prescribe drugs aimed at destroying a specific infectious agent.

PSA test

The PSA test helps not only to detect cancerous processes in the gland, but also to monitor the effectiveness of treatment of already diagnosed tumors and inflammation of the prostate. The method allows to increase the effectiveness of therapy and reduce the risk of complications.

Therefore, PSA screening, although it is a rather controversial way of early detection of prostate cancer, in most cases allows timely start of treatment, which is undoubtedly very important for a person with a chronic course of inflammatory and hyperplastic processes.

When combined with other diagnostic methods that weed out false results from a prostate screening test, the PSA test is a fairly valuable way to prevent cancer and monitor ongoing therapy. If there are multiple positive results, prostate tissue is removed for further biological testing.

symptoms of the disease

Prostatitis in men can have different symptoms depending on the stage of the disease. The acute form of the disease most often occurs against the background of infection of the pelvic organs and proceeds relatively easily, without symptoms of intoxication and fever. If these signs of prostatitis appear in men, you should immediately contact a urologist in order to start therapy in a timely manner and avoid complications.

Acute prostatitis is characterized by the following symptoms:

  • frequent, painful urination;
  • pain in the sacrum, genitals and perineum;
  • pain syndrome increases during defecation, sexual intimacy;
  • body temperature rises;
  • there is a feeling of a full bladder and its partial emptying (due to compression of the ureter by the inflamed prostate);
  • intoxication intensifies, muscle and joint pain appears;
  • Urinary retention is possible.
If you suspect prostatitis, you need to do an ultrasound of the prostate.

If you have one or more probable signs of prostate inflammation, you should contact a specialist. Even if the state of health is satisfactory, the pathological process can continue with erased characters, but at the same time cause complications.

The course of chronic prostatitis

The chronic inflammatory process can be almost asymptomatic. Men may experience mild painful urination, mild lethargy, chronic fatigue syndrome, and sexual dysfunction.

Men note the following pathological signs (depending on the form and stage of the inflammatory process):

  • pain when urinating;
  • partial or complete retention of urine;
  • pain in the sacrum, perineum;
  • increase in body temperature;
  • severe weakness, impaired performance;
  • painful bowel movements;
  • decreased libido, impotence.

The erased picture of the chronic form of the disease misleads the patient and delays the visit to the urologist, and the delay is fraught with the development of complications: swelling of the prostate, acute urinary retention, prostate abscess, inflammation of the testicles and seminal vesicles , which often leads toirreversible male infertility.

The clinical manifestations of inflammation of the prostate vary depending on the stage of the disease. When the process first develops, patients experience severe discomfort, pain in the pubic bone and perineum, complain of painful, frequent urination. Body temperature may rise and pus may leak from the urethra. Without medical care, the pathological process can be complicated by sepsis, purulent abscess of the prostate, vesiculitis, inflammation of the testicles and their appendages (epididymo-orchitis).

treatment of prostatitis

Prostatitis is treated at home. With purulent complications and severe intoxication syndrome, hospitalization is indicated. Specialists prescribe antibiotics (taking into account sensitivity), conduct anti-inflammatory therapy. After the acute process subsides, physiotherapy and prostate massage are prescribed.

Since the treatment of prostatitis at home is possible only after consulting a doctor, it is forbidden to use folk remedies and methods without the permission of a urologist. Unconventional methods are especially dangerous in severe cases of the disease. Treatment of prostatitis at home can lead to the transition of the pathology into a recurrent chronic form.

Medical therapy

How to effectively cure prostatitis with drugs? Drugs can be effective if chosen with the nature of the condition in mind. Infectious agents can be identified through laboratory tests. How the prostate is treated is better to ask a urologist.

Of the drugs, the following groups of drugs are used:

  • antibiotics;
  • analgesics;
  • diuretics;
  • antiphlogistic.

Medicines are prescribed in courses for 2-4 weeks. A good antibiotic with a broad spectrum of action will help destroy the infection in the tissues of the gland and prevent the spread of infection. Treatment of chronic prostatitis at home lasts up to 4-6 months. The initiated inflammatory process is much more difficult to heal and takes longer.

physical therapy

Physiotherapy is used mainly after eliminating acute symptoms of the disease, when the man's state of health returns to normal and a full outflow of urine is restored. The goal of physiotherapy is to restore normal blood flow. It is the deterioration of blood flow that contributes to the active reproduction of pathogenic microorganisms.

Physiotherapy is particularly recommended for chronic illnesses. Specialists prescribe laser treatments that have anti-inflammatory effects, stimulate local immunity, eliminate pain and discomfort, and destroy microbes. Ultrasound and electromagnetic techniques are also used for prostatitis. It is possible to prescribe medicinal microclysters with drugs that have a therapeutic and healing effect.

prostate massage

How can prostatitis be treated with massage? The method is effective, but it is used a few weeks after the start of treatment, when the acute pain disappears and urination returns to normal. Massage should not be performed by inexperienced people. This can lead to serious damage to health.

The technique is based on a gentle effect on the prostate. The massage helps to extrude the accumulated inflammatory secretion into the ducts of the organ, from where it enters the urethra and is completely painlessly and safely removed from the body. The method restores blood flow to the pelvic organs and eliminates the conditions for further reproduction of infectious microorganisms. Prostate massage copes well with stagnant processes and increases the effectiveness of antibiotics and other drugs.

General recommendations

It is recommended to change lifestyle, avoid infection with sexually transmitted diseases, hypothermia and stressful situations. A man should avoid tight underwear that compresses the genitals and disrupts blood flow to the pelvis. It is recommended to have a regular sex life, but beware of transmission of sexually transmitted infections through unprotected intimate contact.

Sharp violations of the diet can provoke a relapse of inflammation of the prostate. Do not abuse spices, spices, smoked meat and alcohol. It is also worth giving up strong coffee, too salty dishes and marinades.

The effectiveness of folk methods

Many are interested and want to know how to cure prostatitis at home without the use of drugs. But medications, especially antibiotics, are necessary for prostate inflammation. Only with their help is it possible to cure prostatitis at home without infectious complications.

There is an opinion that if the disease provokes hypothermia, it is not necessary to take antibacterial drugs. Since most men have to treat prostatitis at home, they often reject antibiotics in favor of conventional medicine. But hypothermia or other seemingly harmless predisposing factors create conditions for the reproduction of Escherichia coli, staphylococci and other microorganisms.

Therefore, you should not even try to learn how to treat the prostate at home in an untested way. This can be dangerous to a man's life and reproductive health.